CANE INFORMATION

            Sugar cane is  a traditional crop of India and it is under cultivation since time immemorial in the Indo-Gangetic belt. There are numerous mentions of sugarcane in several of our ancient books such as "Atharva Veda", "Rig Veda" etc dataing back to 1000BC TO 3000BC. Foreign travelers to India, about 2000 years ago, have mentioned about sugar cane. Buddhist literature has several mentions of sugar cane and sugar.

SUGARCANE 

 

Family

Graminaea

Class  

Monocotyledenes

Order 

Glumaceae

Cultivars

Complex Hybrids evolved from Species

Scientific Name

Saccharum  officinarum . L

Cultivated Species

1. Saccharum officinarum . L

 

2. Saccharum sinense Roxb

 

3. Saccharum barberi Jesw

SEASONS FOR SUGARCANE 

 

Early  

December – January ( Margazhi – Thai

Mid    

February – March ( Masi – Pankguni

Late

April – May ( Chitthirai – Vaikasi

Special

June – August ( Aanni – Avani )

AREA COVERAGE

 

Early and Mid Season planting

70%

Late Season Planting

20%

Special Season Planting

10%

VARIETIES UNDER CULTIVATION

 

Early  

Cov 92102, Co 86032, Cov 94102

Midlate

Cov92102,Co86032,Cov94102,Co99004,Co99006,Si2000-2,Si2000-133,Cog93076,Si6,Coc 22, Coc 23

Special

All early varieties

 

 

Varieties Specially Suited to

 

Drought

CoG 93076,Cov92102,Cov94102

Saline/ Alkaline Soils

CoG 93076

More info…….. http:// Sugarcane-Breeding/tn.nic.net.in

 

Cane varieties under cultivation

 

S.No

High Sugar Varieties

Medium Sugar Varieties

Low Sugar Varieties

Variety

%

Variety

%

Variety

%

1

CO 86032

15

COG 93076

2

 

 

2

COV 94102

28

COC 22

2

 

 

3

COV 92102

45

COC 23

2

 

 

4

SI 2000/133

2

 

 

 

 

5

CO 99004

4

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

94

 

6

 

 

 

 

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